Temple is devoted to LordVenkateswara, an incarnation ofVishnu, who’s believed to have appeared right here to save lots of mankind from trials and troubles of Kali Yuga. Therefore the place has additionally obtained the title KaliyugaVaikunthamand Lord right here is known as Kaliyuga Prathyaksha Daivam. The temple can be identified by different names like Tirumala Temple, Tirupati Temple, Tirupati Balaji Temple. Venkateswara is popular by many different names: Balaji, Govinda, and Srinivasa
Shrine’s Historical past
The Pallava dynasty of Kanchipuram, the Chola dynasty of Thanjavur, and Vijayanagara kings were very ardent devotees of Lord Venkateswara. The temple gained most of its present wealth and glory at the time of Vijayanagara Empire, with the donation of diamonds and gold. In 1517, Vijayanagara Emperor Sri Krishnadevaraya, on one of his many many visits to this temple, donated gold and jewels, enabling the Ananda Nilayam roofing to be gilded. After the decline of Vijayanagar Empire, leaders from Mysore and the Gadwal in present Telangana worshipped as pilgrims and gave ornaments and valuables to the temple.
Maratha Raghoji I Bhonsle visited the temple and arranged a everlasting administration for the conduct of worship within the temple. In 1843, with the advent of the Madras Presidency, the administration of the Sri Venkateswara Temple and a number of other shrines had been entrusted to Seva Dossji of the Hathi Ramji Mutt at Tirumala as Vicaranakarta for a century till the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams was established as the TTD Act in 1932. After independence Andhra state was created on linguistic grounds, whereby Tirupati which had and nonetheless has a majority of Telugu talking inhabitants was assigned by Authorities of India, integrating it as a part of Andhra.
Legends Related to This Shrine
Throughout Dvapara Yuga, Adisesha resided on earth as Seshachalam Hills after shedding a contest with Vayu. Based on Puranas, Tirumala is considered Adivaraha Kshetra. After killing Hiranyaksha, Adivaraha resided on this hill. Sri Venkatachala Mahatyam is the broadly accepted legend over Tirumala Temple. Throughout Kali Yuga, Narada suggested Rishis who had been performing Yajna to resolve who could possibly be given the fruits of yagna amongst Trimurtis. Bhrigu was despatched to check Trimurtis. The sage who had an additional eye within the sole of his foot visited Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva and went un-noticed in each of those areas. Eventually he visited Vishnu and the lord acts as if he had not seen Bhrigu. Getting angered by this act, sage Bhrigu kicked Lord Vishnu within the chest, to which Vishnu didn’t react and as an alternative apologized to the Sage by massaging his padams.
Throughout this act, he squashed the additional eye that was current within the sole of Bhrigu’s foot. Nonetheless Lakshmi finds it as an insult and had left Vaikuntam onto Earth to Kolhapur and began meditating. Lord Vishnu bore human kind as Srinivasa, left Vaikuntam, searching for Lakshmi, reached Tirumala Hills and began meditating. Lakshmi got here to know this and prayed to Siva and Brahma. Siva and Brahma then transformed themselves into Cow and Calf and Goddess Lakshmi had handed over the cow and calf to Chola king ruling over Tirumala Hills at the moment. The Cow would supply milk to Srinivasa day by day whereas it was taken for grazing. Sooner or later Cowherd noticed this and tried to beat the Cow with employees however Lord Srinivasa had borne the damage. Getting angered by this Srinivasa had cursed the Chola king to turn into a Demon.
The king prayed for mercy after which Srinivasa stated to him, that the King ought to take subsequent start as Akasaraja and will carry out marriage of his daughter Padmavati with Srinivasa. As promised, Lord Srinivasa went to his mom Vakula Devi on Tirumala hills and stayed there for some time. After curse Chola king took rebirth as Akasaraja and he had a daughter named Padmavati who was born within the Padmapushkarini located at current day Tiruchanur in Andhra Pradesh. Lord Srinivasa married Padmavati at current day Narayanavanam in Andhra Pradesh and can return to Tirumala Hills. After few months Goddess Lakshmi had come to know about the marriage of Srinivasa with Padmavati and went to Tirumala hills to query Srinivasa. It’s stated that the Lord Srinivasa turns into present deity form when he was encountered by Lakshmi and Padmavathi. Lord Brahma and Shiva later met the confused queens and explained the real purpose behind all this – The Lord’s need to be on the 7 hills for the emancipation of mankind from the perpetual troubles of Kali Yuga. Goddesses Lakshmi and Padmavathi later into stone deities expressing their want to be with their Lord at all times. Lakshmi stays with Him on His Chest on the left whereas Padmavathi rests on the other side of the Chest.
Architectural Relevance of This Shrine
There are three Dwarams to enter the shrines from exterior. Mahadwaram also referred to as padikavali is the primary entrance which is supplied by Mahaprakaram. 50 ft, 5 storied Gopuram is constructed over this Mahadwaram with seven Kalasams at its apex. Vendivakili also referred to as Nadimipadikavali is the second entrance and is supplied by SampangiPrakaram. Later a 3 storied Gopuram is constructed over Vendivakili with seven Kalasams at its apex. Bangaruvakili is the third entrance which is able to lead into Garbhagriha. There are two tall copper photographs of the Dvarapalakas Jaya-Vijaya on both facet of this door. The thick picket door is roofed with gold gilt plates depicting the Dasavathaaram of Vishnu. Pradakshinams Circumambulation round Sanctum sanctorum within the temple or deities known as Pradakshinam. There are two circumambulation paths within the temple. The primary one is the realm between Mahaprakaram and sampangiprakaram. This path generally known as Sampangipradakshinam has many Mandapas, Dwajasthambam, Balipeetam, Kshetrapalika sila, prasadam distribution centre.
The Vimanapradakhinam is the second pradakshinam, which circumambulates Ananda Nilayam Vimanam. This path has sub-shrines devoted to Varadaraja and Yoga Narasimha, Potu( kitchen), Bangaru Bavi, Ankurarpana Mandapam, Yagasala, Nanala cash and Notla Parkamani, Almyrah of Sandal paste , the cell of information, Sannidhi Bhashyakarulu, Lordss hundi and the seat of Vishvaksena. Anandanilayam vimanam and Garbhagriha Garbhagriha is the Sanctum sanctorum the place the presiding deity Lord Venkateswara will likely be residing together with different small idols. Golden Entrance results in Garbhagriha.
There are two extra doorways in between Bangaruvakili and Garbhagriha. The deity will likely be in a standing posture with 4 fingers one in varada posture, one positioned over thigh and different two holding Shanka and Sudarshana Chakra.The idol is adorned with valuable ornaments. The idol bears Goddess Lakshmi on the best chest and Goddess Padmavathion the left. Pilgrims should not allowed to enter the Garbhagriha Ananda Nilayam Vimanam is the primary Gopuram constructed over ‘Garbhagriha. It is a three storied gopuram and has single Kalasam at its apex. It was lined with gilt copper plates and lined with a golden vase. There are a lot of idols of gods carved over this gopuram. On this gopuram, there’s an idol of Venkateswara generally known as “Vimana Venkateswara” which is believed to be the precise reproduction of deity inside Garbhagriha.
Shrine’s Map Location and Learn how to Go There
Tirupati is effectively linked by highway from all vital cities in South India. A separate up and down ghat highway connects Tirupati to Tirumala
Titupati is effectively linked by trains from all metros and Cities of India. Renigunta Junction in SCR is close to to Tirupati.
Renigunta has an airport and is linked to all main cities in India by air. Very quickly this may cater to worldwide carriers too
Lord hardly will get any relaxation right here. Apart from few hours after midnight until 4 AM within the morning for Suprabhata Seva, temple is open most of the time.
Occasions Celebrated at This Shrine
Greatest pageant is Brahmotsavams in September. All main Hindu festivals are celebrated.